Institute of Philosophy
Russian Academy of Sciences

  Vladislav A. Lectorsky
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Vladislav A. Lectorsky

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Born 1932, Moscow

Professor (1979), Full Member of the Russian Academy of Education (1995), Corresponding Member of RAS (1997), Full Member of the Academy of Sciences (2006), Member of the International Institute of Philosophy (Paris, France) (2001), Member of the International Academy of Philosophy (Yerevan, Armenia) (2003), Foreign Member of the Center of Philosophy of Science University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, USA) (1995), Honorary Professor of the Institute of Philosophy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Beijing, China) (2005).



Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow Lomonosov State University, 1955.



  • Cand. Sc. Philosophy [Ph.D.], 1964 ("Cognitive-ratio", Institute of Philosophy of the USSR Academy of Sciences)
  • Dr. Sc., Philosophy, 1978 ("The subject, the object, knowledge", Institute of Philosophy of the USSR Academy of Sciences)

Professional appointments

Editor – in - Chief of the Presidium of RAS "Problems of Philosophy", Director of the IPhRAS Branch for Epistemology and Logic, Head of the IPhRAS Department of Theory of Knowledge.  Head of the Department of Epistemology and Logic of Faculty of Philosophy of State University of Humanitarian Sciences (GUGN) (the Russian Academy of Sciences), Chairman of Expert Council of Social Science of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Foundation (RFH), Deputy Head of the interdisciplinary seminar "The Exact methods in humanitarian sciences" (Presidium of RAS). Deputy Head of the Scientific Council of the methodology of artificial intellect (the Office of Social Sciences of RAS), Member of the specialized Academic Council (Ontology, Epistemology and Philosophy of science, IPhRAS), Member of the Academic Council of Faculty of Philosophy of Higher School of Economics.


Teaching experience

1996 – till now - Professor of Faculty of Philosophy of the State University of Humanitarian Sciences (GUGN) (RAS), annually during two semesters reads the lecture course "Introduction to Epistemology", conducts seminars, manages projects and dissertations, and also he is Head of the Department of Epistemology and Logic at this faculty. From time to time lectures at the Russian Academy of Public Administration (the President of RF). In 2004,he read the lecture course "The Philosophy of subjectivity", Faculty of Philosophy, the Ural State University (Yekaterinburg). In 1997 he developed the program of the lecture course "Introduction to Epistemology," which won an award of institute "Open Society". Led by V. Lektorsky about 20 people successfully defended their doctoral and dissertations. Now he manages two postgraduate students, and two doctoral candidates.


Research projects

  • The project manager of Department of the Theory of Knowledge "Theoretical knowledge, understanding and myth-making" (the beginning of the work in 2004).
  • Director of the joint Russian-Ukrainian project "World of knowledge and vital world of human" (the beginning of the work in 2005).
  • Director of the research project "Modern cognitivism: Philosophy and cognitive sciences".



  • "The problem of a subject and an object in classical and modern philosophy." Moscow, 1965.
  • "The subject, the object, knowledge". Moscow, 1980.
  • "The Materialistic dialectics". Moscow, 1980 (in co-authored)
  • "Classical and non-classical Epistemology." Moscow, 2001.
  • "Transformation of rationality in modern culture." Moscow, 2005.


Executive editor and co-author of 14 monographs, including:

  • "Philosophy, methodology, science." Moscow, 1972.
  • "Gnoseology in the system of world outlook." Moscow, 1980.
  • "Activity: theory, methodology, problems." Moscow, 1990.
  • "Theory of Knowledge", vol. 1-4. Moscow, 1991-1996.
  • "Ideal, utopia and critical reflection." Moscow, 1996.
  • "Philosophy doesn’t end," vol. 1-2. Moscow, 1998.
  • "Rationality at the crossroads", vol. 1. Moscow, 2000.
  • "Science through the eyes of humanist." Moscow, 2005.
  • "Artificial Intellect: the interdisciplinary approach." Moscow, 2006.


It is published over than 300 scientific works. Over the last 5 years it has published about 60 scientific articles, including:

  • The activity approach: Death or Rebirth? "Problems of Philosophy", 2001, № 2.
  • The Christian values, totalitarianism, liberalism and postmodernism, "Problems of Philosophy", 2001, № 4.
  • Pseudo-science as a phenomenon of modern culture, "Problems of Philosophy", 2001, № 6.
  • German philosophy and Russian humanitarian thought: S.L. Rubinstein and G.G. Späth, "Problems of Philosophy." 2001, № 10.
  • Subjective reality as a socio-cultural construction, "Knowing the structures of sociality", Yekaterinburg, 2003.
  • Is the integration of the natural science and the sciences of human possible? "Problems of Philosophy", 2004, № 3.
  • G.P. Schedrovitsky and modern philosophy, «Learning thinking and social action». The Legacy of Shchedrovitsky in the context of national and world philosophy". Moscow, 2004.
  • If the person died? "The Human", 2004, № 4.
  • Kant, radical epistemological constructivism and constructive realism, "Problems of Philosophy", 2005, № 8.
  • About philosophical significance of the work of V. Davydov, "Problems of Philosophy", 2005, №9.
  • Dialogue and tolerance in the interaction of civilizations, "Dialogue of Civilizations", Moscow, 2005.
  • Rationality as a cultural value, "Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences", 2005, № 1 (in co-authored).
  • Philosophy, artificial intellect and cognitive science, "Artificial Intellect: the interdisciplinary approach." Moscow, 2006.


Over the last 5 years the following texts have been released abroad (most are not published in Russian):

  • Historical Changes of the Notion of Activity: Philosophical Presuppositions. «Activity Theory and Social Practice: Cultural-Historical Approaches». Aarhus Univerity Press, Aarhus, 1999.
  • Tolerance, Pluralism, and Criticism, «Philosophica», 2000, №2, Paris.
  • Scientific Knowledge as Historical and Cultural Phenomenon. «Proceedings of the XXth World Congress of Philosophy». Vol. X. Boston University Press, Boston, 2001.
  • Paideia, Critical Thinking and Religion in Education, «Educating for Democracy», Lanham, 2005.

Almost all monographs, about 60 articles and some collective monographs, edited by V.A. Lectorsky were published in translation in various countries: the United States, UK, Germany, France, Finland, South Korea, China, Turkey, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Romania.


The main scientific results

He created a school of research of knowledge and skills in an interdisciplinary and cultural - historical context (in the interaction of philosophy, cognitive psychology, semiotics, culturology, the history of scientific knowledge). As part of this school many philosophers, psychologists, historians of science are now actively working there. He proved the role of the cognitive approach in the methodology of the modern sciences of human. He developed activity-based interpretation of knowledge and revealed the relationship of activity, constructivist and communicative approaches in the study of cognition (particularly, in analysis of perception and thought). He analyzed the conditions of individual identity and identified socio-cultural factors of its constitution, allocated philosophical foundations of the interdisciplinary perspective of consciousness, opened the connection of traditional philosophical problem of the unity of consciousness with modern researches in the field of cognitive sciences, psychology and artificial intellect. He revealed new forms of relationship of conscious and unconscious components of cognitive activity (implicit and explicit knowledge types and forms of reflection) in connection with the analysis of the understanding of unconscious mental processes in psychoanalysis, on the one hand, in modern cognitive science, on the other hand. He analyzed the philosophical preconditions of the psychological theory of cultural-historical theory of L. Vygotsky, operationally-genetic theory of Piaget, Freud's psychoanalysis and opened their relationship to contemporary epistemological problems. He studied the problem of rationality activities and knowledge, highlighting the different historical types of rationality. He studied the problem of rationality and knowledge activities, highlighting the different historical types of rationality. In this case he specially considered the kind of rationality that is associated with features of a technological civilization, and which defined the specificity of modern science and the characteristics of West European philosophy of the last 300 years. The development of the modern type of rationality associated with changes in today's knowledge - both in natural science and socio-humanitarian science. In this regard, he investigated changes in relationships of the natural sciences and sciences about human in the modern period, and showed that in terms of methods and epistemological assumptions (the relationship of knowledge about the general and knowledge of the individual, explain and predict, the role of theory, the possibility or impossibility of the experiment, the interaction of researcher and the researched object, etc.) we can talk about convergence of Sciences of both types. He analyzed the problem of space of rationality in general and science in particular in modern culture and in this regard specially investigated the phenomenon of pseudo-science, revealing the ways of its functioning in modern society in general and in contemporary Russian society in particular. He also studied the philosophical problems of education, revealed the conditions of education of creative thinking, revealed the role of dialogue as a method of training and education of personal reflection, examined questions, related to teaching of philosophy in schools.



He was awarded the order "The Badge of Honor" (1979), the medal "For Labor Merit. On the 70th anniversary of Lenin "(1970), the medal for the 850th anniversary of Moscow (1998). He won the award of the IPhRAS of 2 degrees for the book "Classical and non-classical Epistemology "(2003).