Institute of Philosophy
Russian Academy of Sciences

  Shokhin V.K.
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Shokhin V.K.

Shokhin V.K.

Date and Place of birth

1951, Moscow




Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow State University, 1974.





Dr. Sc., Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1991

Head, Sector of Philosophy of Religion, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow: 2005 – present

Scientific interests

Philosophy of Religion, History of Philosophy, Axiology


Fellowships and Grants

  • Stratification of Reality in the History of Philosophy. Russian Foundation for Humanities, 2001.
  • The "value" as a category of European culture. Russian Foundation for Basic Research, 2002.
  • Categorical system of Indian metaphysics. Russian Foundation for Humanities, 2004.
Courses Taught
  • "Introduction to comparative theology". State University of Humanities (Russian Academy of Sciences).
  • "Introduction to comparative theology". Moscow State University.
  • "Introduction to the Philosophy of Culture". Moscow State University.

Publications (selected)

  1. Ancient India in the culture of Russia (XI - mid XV). Source study of the problem. Moscow: Nauka, 1988.
  2. Brahmanic Philosophy. Initial and early classical periods. Moscow: Oriental Literature, 1994.
  3. Moonlight Sankhya. Ishvarakrishna. Gaudapada. Vachaspati Mishra. Ed. Shokhin V.K. Moscow: Ladomir, 1995.
  4. The first philosophers of India. Moscow: Ladomir, 1997.
  5. Sutra of Sankhya philosophy. Tattva-samasa, Krama-Dipika, Sankhya Sutras; Sankhyasutra-Vritti. Ed. Shokhin V.K. Moscow: Ladomir-Janus-K, 1997.
  6. Shcherbatskoy F.I. and Comparative Philosophy. Moscow: IPh RAS, 1998.
  7. Nyaya Sutras. Nyaya Bhashya. Historical and philosophical study. Translated from the Sanskrit, commentary. Moscow: Oriental Literature, 2001.
  8. Theology. Introduction to the theological disciplines. Moscow: IFRAN, 2002. - 122.
  9. Indian philosophy: the first period. Lectures. Moscow: Publishing House of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, 2006.
  10. The philosophy of values ​​and axiological early thought. Moscow: Publishing House of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, 2006.
  11. Indian philosophy. Shramans period. St. Peterburg: St. Petersburg State University, 2007.
  12. Vasubandhu and the stratification of the levels of reality. Vasubandhu.Determination of the three levels of reality. Translated from Sanskrit, commentaries / / Journal of People's Friendship University. Series of Philosophy 1 (13) 2007. P. 117-132.
  13. Kant's "absolute value" and its importance in the history of axiological reflection / / Immanuel Kant. Heritage and design. Ed. Stepin V.S., Motroshilova N.V. M., 2007. P. 470-479.
  14. The Indian version of theodicy / / The problem of evil and theodicy. Proceedings of International Conference June 6-9, 2005. Ed. Shokhin V.K. Moscow, 2006. P. 226-236.
  15. New philosophical-theological discourse to the area of ​​modern Russia / / The problem of evil and theodicy. Proceedings of International Conference June 6-9, 2005. Ed. Shokhin V.K. Moscow, 2006. P. 5-15.
  16. Stanislav Shayer on Nyaya and Vaisheshika Philosophy / / Research Analytical Heritage Lvov-Warsaw School. Issue 1. Ed. Vasyukov V.L. St. Peterburg, 2006. P. 122-160.
  17. Tetens und Kant vom "absoluten Wert" / / Kant im Spiegel der russischen Kantforschung heute. Herausg. Von N. Motroschilova und N. Hinske. Stuttgart-Cannstatt, 2007. S. 127-143.
  18. Introduction to the philosophy of religion. Moscow: Alpha-M, 2010.
  19. Philosophy of religion and its historical forms (Antiquity - the end of XVIII century). Moscow: Alpha-M, 2010.


Shokhin V.K. proposed a new periodization of history of Indian philosophy (based on the development of methods of theoretical reflection and institutional principles - "history of schools"). He wrote history of its primary and earlier periods on the basis of Sanskrit and Pali primary sources and his understanding of philosophy as a theoretical reflection, which is realized in the criticism of judgments (dialectics) and systematization of concepts (analytics).

Also Shokhin V.K. differentiates fiels that are usially mixed in the history of philosophy. He thinks that there are two types of ontology on the bases of non-identicy of notions "being" and "reality". In the "ontology of Being" the knowing subject is not included in hierarchization of being, but in "ontology of Reality" it is organized with respect to the subject. Similarly Shokhin distinguishes generally confuses terms "preferences", "good" and "values".

In Philosophy of Religion Shokhin insists on a clear distinction between the philosophy of religion and philosophical theology (which also tends to "merge" in the Analytical and recently in Continential traditions). He offers to take into account that there is no less distance between the philosophy of religion and philosophy in religion and between history of science and science itself.