Institute of Philosophy
Russian Academy of Sciences




  Piama Gaidenko
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Piama Gaidenko

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Piama Gaidenko

Year and Place of Birth

 

30.01.1934, Nikolaevka, Donetsk Oblast

 

 

Education


Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow State University, Department of the History of Philosophy (1957)

 

Degrees

D.Sc. in philosophy (1983, Moscow State Pedagogical University)

 

Academic Titles

Professor (1997)

 

Field of Studies

History of philosophy, science and culture.

 

Professional Activity

  • Head of the Department, Department of Philosophical Problems in the History of Science, IPhRAS (1988-2011).
  • Leading research fellow at the Institute of World Culture of Moscow State University (since 1995).

Teaching Experience

Lecture Courses:

  • Lecturer at the Department for the History of Western Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow State University (1962-1967).
  • A lecture course and seminars on “Max Weber's sociology and the 'Weberian renaissance'” at the Institute of Social Science, Heidelberg University (1992).
  • A lecture course on the history of science at the Department of History of Science, Russian State University for the Humanities (1993).

 

Doctoral Supervision

 

Under Prof. Gaidenko's supervision 5 doctoral students got successful promotions.

 

Research Projects Supported
by Grants

Financial support from the Russian Foundation for the Humanities (RFH) has contributed to the completion of the following projects:

  • “Vladimir Soloviev and the philosophy of the Silver Age” (1996–1998);
  • “Time. Continuance. Eternity” (1999-2001).

Publications

Prof. Gaidenko is author of more than 280 publications, among which 13 books.

 

Monographs:

  • Existentialism and the problem of culture. Moscow: Higher School 1963 [Экзистенциализм и проблема культуры. М.: Высшая школа,1963].
  • The tragedy if aestheticism. An essay at characterizing Kierkegaard's Weltanschauung. Moscow: Art Press 1970 [Трагедия эстетизма. Опыт характеристики миросозерцания С. Киркегора. М.: Искусство,1970].
  • The philosophy of Fichte and modernity. Moscow: Thought Publishers 1979 [Философия Фихте и современность. М.: Мысль,1979].
  • Evolution of the notion of science (VI cent. B.C. – XVI cent. A.D.). Moscow: Nauka 1980 [Эволюция понятия науки (VI в. до н.э. – XVI вв.). М.: Наука, 1980].
  • Evolution of the notion of science (XVII – XVIII centuries). Moscow: Nauka 1987 [Эволюция понятия науки (XVII-XVIII вв.). М.: Наука, 1987].
  • Paradoxes of liberty in Fichte's thought. Moscow: Nauka 1990 [Парадоксы свободы в учении Фихте. М.: Наука, 1990].
  • History and rationality. The social theory of Max Weber and the 'Weberian renaissance' (with Yu.N. Davydov). Moscow: Political Press 1991; second edition Moscow: URSS 2006 [История и рациональность. Социология Макса Вебера и веберовский ренессанс» (в соавторстве с Ю.Н.Давыдовым), М.,Политиздат,1991; 2-ое издание. М.: УРСС, 2006].
  • Rußland und der Westen. Heidelberger Max-Weber-Vorlesungen 1992 (with Yu.N. Davydov). Frankfurt a. M., 1995.
  • The breakthrough towards the transcendental. The new ontology of the XX century. Moscow: Republic Publishers 1997 [Прорыв к трансцендентному. Новая онтология XX века. М.: Республика, 1997].
  • A history of Greek philosophy in its relation to science. Moscow: University Books 2000 [История греческой философии в ее связи с наукой. М.: Университетская книга, 2000].
  • A History of European philosophy of the Modern Age in its relation to science. Moscow: University Books 2000 [История новоевропейской философии в ее связи с наукой. М.: Университетская книга, 2000].
  • Vladimir Soloviev and the philosophy of the Silver Age. Moscow: Progress-Tradition 2001 [Владимир Соловьев и философия Серебряного века. М.: Прогресс-Традиция, 2001].
  • Scientific rationality and philosophical mind. Moscow: Progress-Tradition 2003 [Научная рациональность и философский разум. М.: Прогресс-Традиция, 2003].
  • Time. Continuance. Eternity. Moscow: Progress-Tradition 2006 [Время. Длительность. Вечность. М.: Прогресс-Традиция, 2006].

Select articles:

  • “Karl Jaspers' philosophy of culture.” In Problems in Literature 9/1972, 64-92 [Философия культуры К.Ясперса // «Вопросы литературы» № 9 , 1972 (стр. 64-92)].
  • “Heidegger and contemporary German hermeneutics.” In Recent trends and problems in German philosophy. Moscow: Nauka 1978 [Хайдеггер и современная философская герменевтика // «Новейшие течения и проблемы философии в ФРГ». М.: Наука, 1978].
  • “Justification of scientific knowledge in Plato's philosophy.” In Plato and his time. Moscow: Nauka 1979 [Обоснование научного знания в философии Платона // «Платон и его эпоха». М.: Наука, 1979].
  • “Nicholas of Cues and the shaping of theoretical premises of modern science.” In Problems in the History of Natural Science and Technology 3/1988 [Николай Кузанский и формирование теоретических предпосылок науки нового времени // «Вопросы истории естествознания и техники» № 3, 1988].
  • “The philosophy of liberty of N.A. Berdyaev.” In New Journal No. 184-185. New-York 1991 [Философия свободы Н. А. Бердяева // «Новый журнал» № 184-185, Нью-Йорк, 1991].
  • “Research programmes in the history of scientific knowledge.” In Theory of Knowledge, vol. 3: Knowledge as a historical process. Moscow: Thought Publishers 1993 [Исследовательские программы в истории научного познания // «Теория познания», т. 3: «Познание как исторический процесс». М.: Мысль, 1993].
  • “Christianity and the genesis of modern natural science.” In Problems in the History of Natural Science and Technology 1/1995 [Христианство и генезис современного естествознания // «Вопросы истории естествознания и техники» № 1, 1995].
  • “Voluntative theology and the European culture of the Modern Age.” In The Three Approaches to the Study of Culture. Moscow: Moscow State University Press 1997 [Волюнтативная теология и новоевропейская культура //«Три подхода к изучению культуры» М.: Издательство МГУ, 1997].
  • “Being and reason.” In Problems in Philosophy 7/1997 [Бытие и разум // «Вопросы философии» № 7, 1997].
  • “At the origins of modern European science.” In The Study of Science 2, 1999 [У истоков новоевропейской науки // «Науковедение» № 2, 1999].
  • “Time and eternity: the paradoxes of continuum.” In Problems in Philosophy 6/2000 [Время и вечность: парадоксы континуума // «Вопросы философии» № 6, 2000].
  • “Apocalyptics, chiliasm and Greek philosophy.” (A paper delivered at the VIII  Christmas Readings, 2000). In Christianity and Philosophy. Proceedings of the Conference. Moscow 2000 [Апокалиптика, хилиазм и эллинская философия (доклад на VIII Рождественских образовательных чтениях 2000) // «Христианство и философия. Сборник докладов конференции)». М., 2000].
  • “Time and imagination. Kant and Fichte on the nature of time.” In Cultural Anthropology 2. Moscow: Verdana 2004, 219-254 [Время и воображение. Кант и Фихте о природе времени // «Антропология культуры». Выпуск 2. М., «Вердана», 2004, стр. 219-254].
  • “The problem of time in Newton.” In Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, vol. IV, 2. Moscow: Canon +, 137-149 [Проблема времени у Исаака Ньютона // «Эпистемология и философия науки», т. IV, № 2, М., «Канон+», стр. 137-149].

Membership in Editorial Boards, Committees, etc.

  • Member of the editorial board of the journal Problems in Philosophy [«Вопросы философии»].
  • Member of the editorial board of the journal Epistemology and the Philosophy of Science [«Эпистемология и философия науки»].
  • Member of the International Fichte Society.
  • Member of the Expert Board for philosophy of the Russian Foundation for the Humanities (RFH).
  • Member of the Academic Council of IPhRAS.

Awards

G.V. Plekhanov Award of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences for the series of books on the laws governing the development of science (1997).

 

Summary of Achievement

The dominant interest behind much of the work by Professor Gaidenko has been the study of the historical transformation of rationality and its types in relation to culture. This led her, on one hand, to examine the problem as it was stated in German idealism, Neokantianism, Husserl's phenomenology, the sociology of Max Weber and the Russian philosophy of XIX-XX centuries, and, on the other hand, to undertake an original study of it directly on the material of the history of science. How and why there emerges in ancient Greece the historically unparalleled phenomenon of European science, how it gets transformed within Christian culture of the Middle Ages? Alongside with these problems, P.P. Gaidenko discusses such questions as which changes in the methods of scientific knowledge occurred during the scientific revolution of the XVII-XVIII centuries when the natural science based on mathematics and experiment was taking shape. On of the more recognized results of her work is the idea of organic connection between scientific rationality and the world of ends and values that determine historically differing types of consciousness and activity. She revealed the mechanism through which the general idea of the meaning of life forms the Weltanschauung determining the principles of scientific knowledge. To demonstrate the connection of this general outlook with theories in natural science, Professor Gaidenko identifies the prevailing research programmes of antiquity and the Modern Age, thus showing how  exactly within the framework of such programmes are taking shape the fundamental notions of scientific and philosophic thinking: the concepts of number, continuum, space and time, the finite and the infinite, and so on. The notion of a scientific programme receives in her work the meaning radically differing from that previously accepted, in particular the one advocated by Imre Lacatos, in that it comprises not only the logical and theoretical aspects, but the one pertaining to the Weltanschauung as well, the presupposition that allows her to use that concept in analyzing science in the cultural and historical context of different epochs on the basis of philosophical interpretation of scientific knowledge, its aims and methods.